Since 1879, one was studying in the stamp factory of Maligne the system of 'Taille-Douce'' or copper plate printing, delivered among others by the firm Maroni Paris. It was mr Mac Donald of Brussels,delegate of mr Bernard-Paris, allowed to place a printing machine for copper plates of the type Dujardin, for six months on trial.To make a test of the printing machine mr Mac Donald would make, under the control of the administration, drawings , stamps and of a motherplate for printing. These proofs would be made in the stamp factory of Maligne by Mac Donald . The Dujardin printing press would be in function at last at 10/6/1914.Delays in the deliverie of parts of the machine caused more delay in the making of the proofs. The project was stopped the 4/8/1914.
Mr John Mac Donald, living Boulevard Botanique nr 40 Brussels,was industrial and representatif of the copper plate firm Dujardin of Paris. In his correspondance of 28/5/1913 he referred to a deliverance of a printing machine to the Russian Government and one in Rome to the''Stablimento Poligraphico Italiana'. After months of negociations a contract was signed with the minister of postal offices.

After several difficulties with the installation of the press and the delays of deliverance mr Mac Donald aknowledges 15/7/1914 that printing only could start at the end of september 1914.
The reproduction of the portrait of the king, engraved in wood, was placed in the copper print of the frame by Mac Donald. While doing this the portrait was slightly damaged, what caused more delays, so the first day issue of 1/10/1914 was delayed.
On 11/7/1914 nine proofs in different colours were presented to the director general, to choose the colour fot the three new stamps of 1, 2 and 5c. The day of issue would be 20/10/1914.
On 4/8/1914 the first world war started . All activities were stopped, and only the plates with the portrait of the king were available. These typografical plates were probably used to make the red cross set little Albert, but then in Antwerp by Verschueren.
The second design of Mac Donald, ''The statue de M‚rode'' was available as a drawing. It was placed in the frame according to the same procedure as the portrait of the king. In the edges on the left and the right side stood originally a heraldiq lion, who was replaced by the red cross and the value.
In this part we want to give a survey of the designs of Mac Donald with some remarques.
Due to the circomstances of war he was forced to work on different places, but he always remained loyal to his original designs.
The classification below is based on his different fields of activity and the stamps produced there.

1) ACTIVITIES IN MECHELEN.
From Februari 1914 until August 1914 Mac Donald was working in Antwerp with a double task:
  a) As representative of the firm Maroni Paris he had to promote a new printing-press.
b) As designer he had to prepare a new serie of stamps, with the effigie of king Albert 1,
and a number of other designs ; of this two stamps were nearly ready and were ment
to be produced in engraving.
  a) Effigy of king Albert 1
    Stess nr B 122 is the most elaborated fase of this theme, with
    - portrait of the king looking at the left.
- frame with squares for the values at the bottom.
  b) Statue de Mérode
    Stess B 184 -B 227 made in engraving, thus at Mechelen:
    - values in cartouches at the bottom and above.
- statue looking at the left.
- Q virtually closed.

2) ACTIVITIES IN ANTWERP.
After the capture of Mechelen the need occured to make stamps with surtaxe for the Red Cross,
and therefore one adapted the designs of Mac Donald, who were already far advanced.
  a) Effigy of king Albert 1
In the catalogue Stess we find proofs whereby a red cross is painted by hand
in the original two frames where the values should have come. Apparently
there were two possibilities:
    - red cross painted in the two cartouches
- red cross painted in the right cartouche
  These adaptations were done on stamps printed in engraving. The next proofs were made in lithografie, probably by Verschueren in Antwerp.

3)ACTIVITIES IN ENGLAND
  A) 2/01/1915
After the capture of Antwerp Mac Donald went to England where by the firm Waterlow
Bros and Layton Ltd a new serie was produced, based on the original designs of Mechelen :
    Type 1:
Frame originating from the Mérode stamp with Q closed, = type 3 of the De Mérode stamps.
Portrait of king Albert 1 in the middle
.
    Type 2:
Adapted type
Frame originating from the type 2 of the De Mérode stamps, Q open.
Larger portrait of king Albert 1.
 
B) 15/10/1915
The firm Waterlow and Sons produces stamps with the effigy of king Albert 1 departing from the mother plate
engraved by Mac Donald in 1914:
 
type 1914:
type 1915:
portrait orientated to the right on a shaded background.

stamp is higher.

the two scrolls in the upper corners don't touch the frame.

under the upper decoration there is a serie of four pearls.
portrait orientated to the left on a horizontal striped background.

the upper part of the stamp is shortened.

the two scrolls in the upper corners touches the frame.

the pearls have disappeard.